Would you like to learn how install an SSD on the PC? Startups are blazing fast, app launches are also blazing fast, and today’s systems generally come with greater responsiveness.
That is why it is nice to have an SSD. But before enjoying all the benefits your SSD has to offer, you still need to know how to install it on your computer. For this we have prepared for you a small tutorial so that you learn to install an SSD in the PC.
Before starting to install an SSD in the PC
If you want to transfer the contents of your original hard drive to your SSD, you have to do it upstream. This requires a cloning kit, which includes a cable to connect to your desktop PC’s USB port, as well as a transfer CD.
The capacity of the SSD must be greater than the occupied space on the HDD. On the workstation, a simple right-click on the hard disk icon allows you to see the used space, through the tab “Properties”.
If this represents more than 85% of the SSD’s capacity, you have to free up the extra space. Either by deleting unnecessary files (thanks to disk cleaning), or by storing certain data (photos, music, videos) on a USB key or on an external hard drive. The cloning procedure is quite simple by following the steps prescribed by the transfer CD:
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Copying the contents of the original HDD to the SSD is a matter of a few clicks and after several minutes of transfer, depending on the volume of the files to be transmitted.
The advantages of AHCI mode
We recommend setting the SATA port to AHCI instead of IDE in BIOS. This setting takes full advantage of the functionality of the SATA interface: it will improve the computer’s loading speed by 10-20% after installing the SSD.
Installation: fix and connect
Unlike the external hard drive, the SSD is installed in the heart of the central unit. To perform the installation correctly it is necessary to follow several steps:
- Step 1: Turn off the computer and unplug the power.
- Step 2– Remove the panel (side or top) from the PC chassis by unscrewing and / or sliding it.
- Step 3– Screw the SSD onto the 2.5 ″ to 3.5 ″ adapter rails.
- Step 4– Places the SSD in a 3.5 ″ drive bay (instead of the old hard drive or another available bay)
- Step 5: Connect the SSD to the SATA cable of the old HDD, connected to the SATA interface connector on the motherboard (or the SATA adapter on the computer). It must be connected to SATA port 0 or 1 for optimal performance.
- Step 6: Connect the SSD to the power cable of the old HDD.
- Step 7: Close the mainframe by screwing the chassis panel of your desktop PC.
- Step 8: Reconnect the power and turn on the computer.
After installation: optimization settings
If you have not cloned the contents of the old hard drive, you need to install a new operating system on your SSD. If the latter is a perfect copy of the original hard drive, you won’t notice any changes! Aside from the loading speed, of course …
To optimize the performance and lifespan of an SSD, several configurations must be made:
- Make sure the TRIM command is enabled. It allows the SSD to recognize the free data blocks of the used blocks, to be able to rewrite in these locations. In Windows, the activation of the TRIM command is automatic starting with the version Operating system seven. This means that it must be activated manually in Vista or XP in particular, via the CD included in the cloning kit, for example.
- Disable scheduled defragmentation, because an SSD simply should never be defragmented! This operation, beneficial with an HDD, wears down the cells of an SSD.
- Optionally disable system restore and hibernation if you want to free up space. However, for security reasons, it backs up the system image at regular intervals.
- You can recover data temporarily copied to a USB stick or external hard drive to your SSD. However, taking into account the maximum capacity limits
SSD + HDD, the right compromise
Instead of getting rid of your old hard drive, make it your new SSD. It uses the latter as a system disk, placing the operating system and main programs on it. Your old HDD will prove to be a complement to store your data (photos, videos, etc.), as well as the swap file and temporary files, for example.
Another method to install an SSD on the PC?
Now, let’s see another safe method to install SSD on PC. This procedure must be strictly followed so as not to cause installation errors:
Make a backup of your system and your data
Before installing your SSD, you must first create a backup of your operating system. To do this, you can create a disk image of your HDD using a native solution built into your system (from Windows 7 onwards) or using specialized software such as.
You can also make a backup all your data in a storage space (external hard drive, for example) and then completely reinstall your system directly on your SSD. To do this, first make sure you have the installation CDs for your operating system.
The most logical thing then will be to install your operating system on your SSD to take full advantage of its power. Then, you will keep your hard drive to store all the big data like movies, music, etc.
Mounting the SSD on your computer
So how can you install SSD on PC? With your SSD in your hands, navigate to your computer’s configuration (in other words, your computer’s components). The physical hardware installation consists of 3 easy steps:
- Step 1: Location in a 2.5 “bay, most SSDs are in this format. If you don’t have such a bay, you will need a 3.5 “to 2.5” bay adapter. Then, you simply have to connect your SSD to the bay using the provided screws and slide it into the dedicated slot inside your PC case.
- Step 2: connect the SSD to the power supply of your computer, on the one hand, using the appropriate cable.
- Step 3: Connect the SATA socket (we identify the SATA III sockets in their blue color) on your motherboard using a SATA cable. We recommend that you make this connection on the first port (indicated “0” or “1”).
Install an SSD in the notebook PC
That’s it, in less time than it takes to say it. In the case of laptops, the installation may depend on the model of computer you have. However, your SSD installation instructions should normally detail the mounting steps.
- NOTE: For notebooks, be sure to check the storage disk format supported by your model. This information should logically be found in its user manual.
In fact, it would be unfortunate to buy a 2.5 “format SSD when your machine only accepts 1.8” formats.
Configure your system
Once your SSD is installed on your PC or MAC, you still have to configure it. To do this, you have two options available:
- Install an existing disk image of your system on the disk.
- Reinstall your operating system directly on your SSD from the installation CDs. If you have the possibility, choose this solution “Safer” than the first.
You will also need to change the mode of your storage controller to AHCI or RAID on mode place SDI.
This is done from your computer’s BIOS, accessible by repeatedly pressing a key on the keyboard as soon as the system boots. The key is specific to each make / model and is generally a key “F” located at the top of your keyboard (F1, F2, F3, etc. Please refer to the user manual to determine the correct key).
Once in BIOS:
- Step 1: Use the arrows to select the option “storage configuration” and then press the key “ENTER”.
- Step 2: Then, you must go to the option “Configure SATA as IDE” and validate with the key “ENTER“.
- Step 3: Select the option “AHCI“, then press the” keyENTER“Then this will activate AHCI mode.
- Step 4: Press the key F10and confirm with okay to save the changes. Your computer will restart. Once in Windows, the AHCI drivers for your disks are installed. All you have to do is restart your computer so that AHCI mode is operational for your storage disks.
- Step 5: While in the BIOS, take the opportunity to change boot options. Opt for a boot from the media that contains the system backup (USB key or CD drive).
- Step 6: Then restart the computer, which will automatically start the installation program from the chosen medium.
NOTE: From there, you just need to follow the instructions to install (or reinstall from the disk image) of your system. When this part of the installation is complete, the computer should restart. During this reboot, you must be sure to access the BIOS again to change the boot parameters: from your USB key or CD drive, naturally change it to your SSD.
- Step 7: The system will complete the installation. When this is done, turn off your computer.
- Step 8: Reconnect your hard drive (which will accommodate your large files) and then reboot your machine.
- Step 9: Go back to the BIOS by the same procedure as the one mentioned above, verify that the boot has been done on the SSD and then reboot one more time.
At this point, your system should have successfully migrated to your SSD. Now, there are two more steps you can take to get the most out of your new storage space.
Optimize your SSD for optimal performance
If you have installed your SSD correctly, you should already see the difference in speed compared to your hard drive. This does not exempt you from making the following two adjustments to get the most out of your unit.
Activate the TRIM
What exactly TRIM? This is a command for an operating system to tell the SSD which blocks of data are no longer in use and can be freed. Specifically, it prevents your SSD from being unnecessarily cluttered and works more efficiently. And if you’ve read this guide carefully, now you know that the fuller the memory cells are, the more it limits the performance and lifespan of your hardware.
The TRIM command can be accessed from Windows 7 onwards. It is normally enabled by default in this operating system, but verification costs nothing, just follow these steps:
- Step 1: To access it, you must first open “Symbol of the system”. To do this, you must go to the start menu: in the search bar, at the bottom and type “CMD” or “command” (without the quotes).
- Step 2: When the link appears, right click on “symbol of the system“and select”execute as an administrator“.
- Step 3: In the black command window that appears, type this command line:
- Fsutil DisableDeleteNotify behavior query
- Step 4: Then a number will appear, 0 or 1. A zero means that TRIM is already activated, a 1 means the opposite. If TRIM is disabled, just type the following line to enable it:
- Fsutil behavior set DisableDeleteNotify 0
Now let’s move on to the second step of this optimization that is necessary after installing an SSD in the PC.
Don’t defragment your SSD!
When data is stored on a hard disk, it is generally divided into several parts located at different places on the disk. This is called data fragmentation.
This fragmentation slows down hard drives because the drive head has to move from one place to another to read all the little bits of information.
This can be fixed by a process called defragmentation, which is built into recent versions of Windows (7 and higher) and OS X.
This process is not of interest to an SSD, as you can quickly access the data, no matter where you are. Therefore, defragmenting an SSD is not only uselessIt is also bad for him. SSDs have a limited lifespan determined by their frequency of use (data write / erase).
Where the problem is, the defragmentation of a disk consists precisely in reading and writing data. Both OS X and Windows typically know when you are using an SSD and automatically disable defragmentation. However, it is important to remember that you should not manually defragment your SSDas you can shorten its service life.
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As you will see, installing an SSD in the PC is simple, you just have to carefully follow the steps that we have just exposed. If you still feel unsure, we recommend that you find a specialized technician to help you install your SSD. We hope we have helped you.