Sometimes it is necessary to know the speed of the RAM or operating frequency (in MHz) of our computer. In most cases, the BIOS shows us this information, but for many users it may be interesting to see this data directly from Windows.
So in this article I will explain how to know the speed of the RAM that we have connected without having to access the BIOS. We just need the Task Manager, which can reveal some interesting facts about our Windows system, along with the RAM speed.
But before we start, let’s quickly see what is and how does RAM work and, more specifically, DRAM, which is the most common type of volatile memory used today in any computer.
What is DRAM?
The dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access memory (RAM) in which each bit of data is stored in a separate capacitor on a chip. As capacitors lose charge, information is lost over time, unless the capacitor is regularly recharged. The reload function of DRAM is dynamic storage, as opposed to SRAM and other types of static storage.
The advantage of DRAM is its simple structure: only one transistor and one capacitor are required per bit, compared to the four transistors in SRAM. Thus DRAM achieves a very high density. Unlike flash memory, DRAM is volatile memory because data is lost when power is removed.
How to know the frequency and speed of your RAM
The steps to check some basic details of the RAM installed in your computer such as speed or frequency simply using the Windows Task Manager are very simple.
First of all, go to the Windows 10 taskbar and right-click to open its context menu. Then select Task Manager. You can also use the keyboard shortcut CTRL + SHIFT + ESC.
With the Task Manager already open, click on the “Performance” section.
In the Performance section of the Task Manager you can see basic information pertaining to CPU, memory, storage disks, and a network performance analysis.
In the “Memory” option you have data such as speed, used slots, form factor and memory reserved for hardware, as well as total available memory and memory in use, among others.
How to check if RAM is failing in Windows 10
Sometimes, when applications run very slow or your computer freezes, it automatically restarts randomly or inexplicably the so-called “blue screen of death (BSOD) ”, It is difficult to determine if it is due to a software or hardware problem.
However, RAM is one of the first things to check in that situation. There are many applications on the Internet for this, but Windows 10 comes prepared with an integrated tool that allows us perform a quick RAM diagnostic.
Diagnose memory problems in Windows 10
Carrying out the following steps will require you to restart your computer, so before starting test your RAM memory to detect possible failuresMake sure to save all your files and close all open applications.
- Open the Control Panel.
- Click on Security system.
- Choose Management tools.
- Double click on Windows memory diagnostics.
- Click on Restart now and check for problems (recommended).
You can also run the tool directly using the Win + R keyboard shortcut, typing “mdsched.exe” and clicking OK or pressing the Enter key.
When your computer restarts, a blue screen will appear – do not panic, it is not “the blue screen of death” – with an environment dedicated to the diagnosis of memory problems. The exam will automatically start in the mode. Standard, which is the intermediate of the three available.
The difference between the three types of memory diagnostics in Windows is:
- Basic– Run the MATS +, INVC and SCHCKR tests (cache enabled).
- Standard– Includes basic tests, plus LRAND, Stride6 (cache enabled), CHCKR3, WMATS +, and WINVC.
- Extended– Includes all standard tests, plus MATS + (cache disabled), Stride38, WSCHCKR, WStride-6, CHCKR4, WCHCKR3, ERAND, and CHCKR8.
You can let the test check your memory in Standard mode, or press the F1 key to go back to the options page and choose another. However, the default value should be sufficient.
Check the results
You can see the test results during the run, but when it is finished the computer will restart immediately, so you will have to use the Event Viewer to know if any RAM module is damaged.
- Opens Beginning.
- Seeks eventvwr.exe and press Intro to run the Events viewer.
- Expand the folder Windows logs in the left panel.
- Click on System, and select Look for in the panel Actions right.
- Writes MemoryDiagnostics-Results and click Next.
- Close the window Look for.
- Double click on MemoryDiagnostics-Results and read the message. If the result is: «Windows Memory Diagnostic has checked the computer memory and found no errors«, Then it means that your computer’s memory is good and it is not the problem.
If the test results show any kind of error, it could be a sign that one of the RAM modules could be failing and will need to be replaced.