A socket on the computer’s motherboard is, of course, the configuration of the socket for installing the processor (and contacts on the processor itself), and, depending on the model, the processor can only be installed in a specific socket, for example, if the CPU is designed for the LGA 1151 socket, you should not try to install it on your motherboard with LGA 1150 or LGA 1155. The most common options for today, in addition to those already listed, are LGA 2011-v3, SocketAM3 +, SocketAM4, SocketFM2 +.
In some cases, you may need to find out which socket on the motherboard or processor socket - this is what will be discussed in the instructions below. Note: to be honest, I can hardly imagine what these cases are, but I often notice a question on one popular service of questions and answers, and therefore I decided to prepare the current article. See also: How to find out BIOS version of a motherboard , How to find out a model of a motherboard , How to find out how many cores a processor has .
How to find out the socket of the motherboard and processor on a working computer
The first possible option is that you are going to upgrade the computer and select a new processor, for which you need to know the socket of the motherboard in order to find the CPU with the appropriate socket.
Usually, to do this is quite simple provided that Windows is running on the computer, and it is possible to use both the built-in system tools and third-party programs.
To use the Windows tools to determine the type of connector (socket), do the following:
- Press the Win + R keys on your computer keyboard and type msinfo32 (then press Enter).
- A window opens with information about the equipment. Pay attention to the items “Model” (the model of the motherboard is usually indicated here, but sometimes there is no value), and (or) “Processor”.
- Open Google and enter in the search bar either the processor model (in my example i7-4770) or the model of the motherboard.
- The very first search results will lead you to the official pages of information about the processor or motherboard. For the processor on the Intel site, in the "Chassis Specifications" section, you will see the supported connectors (for AMD processors, the official site is not always the first in the results, but among the available data, for example, on cpu-world.com, you will immediately see the processor socket).
- For the motherboard, the socket will be listed as one of the main parameters on the manufacturer's website.
If you use third-party programs, then you can determine to know the socket without an additional search on the Internet. For example, the simple Speccy freeware program displays this information.
Note: Speccy does not always display information about the socket of the motherboard, but if you select the "Central processor", then there will be data on the connector. More: Free software to find out the characteristics of a computer .
How to detect a socket on an unconnected motherboard or processor
The second possible variant of the problem is the need to find out the type of connector or socket on a computer that does not work or is not connected to a processor or motherboard.
This is usually also very simple to do:
- If this is a motherboard, then almost always information about the socket is indicated on it itself or on the socket for the processor (see photo below).
- If this is a processor, then by the processor model (which is almost always on the label) using an Internet search, as in the previous method, it is easy to determine the supported socket.
That's all, I think, it will work out. If your case goes beyond the standard - ask questions in the comments with a detailed description of the situation, I will try to help.