If your laptop runs slower than we would like, it can be caused by a variety of reasons, which generally come down to hardware and software. Depending on the specific scenario, sometimes it may be possible to speed up the laptop and make it more responsive, launch programs faster, and the FPS in games is slightly higher.
In this manual - about what methods you can resort to to increase the speed of the laptop in various situations: for an old and new laptop, with different operating systems and characteristics.
Hardware components that affect speed
First, let's talk about hardware components that can affect the speed of a laptop, here we can primarily include:
We can’t influence the first point for most modern laptops in any way, but the rest should be paid attention to, both in the case of an old laptop and a recently purchased one.
In general, the more random access memory (RAM), the better. To work with modern versions of Windows and programs, at least 8 GB of RAM working in dual channel mode is desirable. It is possible to set 16 - even better.
Unfortunately, not all laptops support the possibility of increasing the amount of RAM (some cheap models do not provide such an opportunity). However, if it is possible for your device, and the current volume is 2-4 GB, such an upgrade will be useful. Details on the topic: How to increase the amount of RAM laptop .
One of the weaknesses of most laptops is the hard drive. Not only is the HDD generally slower than today's SSDs, laptops usually have even slower hard drives than they are used on PCs (for example, you can pay attention to such a characteristic as rpm - rpm, on most HDDs on laptops - 5400, on PC drives - 7200).
If your laptop has a hard drive installed, instead of installing it (or in addition to it, as a system one - some laptops allow this) a solid-state drive SSD, you will immediately experience an increase in speed. For new laptops with Windows 10, this is especially true, but on older devices, growth is also noticeable (another thing is that from an economic point of view, an upgrade may not be entirely advisable).
If the cooling system of your laptop always works "to the maximum" and, moreover, sometimes it turns off under loads (for example, in games), this is not something that should be ignored: heating affects both the speed of the work (the system will slow down the processor) and the longevity of the laptop itself, or rather its electronic components.
What should be done here? To clean the laptop from dust, and if it is already 2-3 years old and simple dusting does not solve the problem, it is possible to replace the thermal grease on the processor and GPU. I’m not ready to advise each user to do it on their own (if they’re not sure, it’s better to contact someone), but in general, it’s not difficult, the instructions on the Internet are more reasonable than not (but this also happens). I have such instructions and I - How to clean a laptop from dust - a way for non-professionals .
In general, with good hardware components of the laptop, what is listed above is all that we can somehow influence to increase the speed of work. Yes, it is costly, but sometimes it makes sense.
Software problems and nuances slowing down a laptop
Now about the software part: the choice of the operating system, the relevance and compatibility of the drivers, as well as the programs you installed (especially those at startup) directly affect the speed of the laptop. And these are not all factors: the presence of malware, the filled system partition of the hard disk, and other nuances can also be attributed here.
The age of the laptop also affects: some users expect that their laptop 5-7 years old will be as quick as when buying. For most models, this is not so, and the point is not that it becomes slower, but that the software is “gluttonous” every year.
I wrote about various software factors that affect the speed of computers (and laptops, of course, too):
In general, everything important is listed in these instructions. For completely “ancient” laptops, if you wish, you can install lightweight Linux or even Android builds instead of Windows (see How to install Android on a computer or laptop ) - less demanding systems will work faster, but you may have to refuse some of the usual programs .
In conclusion, I’ll add: sometimes it’s not possible to see the most productive laptops on which users install a couple of or even five programs “for cleaning” and “for speeding up” that constantly work in the background automatically. Usually, the situation is that the absence of these programs, working at their discretion, will accelerate the work to a greater extent than their presence.
Anything to add to the list? I will be glad to your comment.