Windows 8 includes its own versions of widely used system utilities, which users are usually used to installing separately. In this article, I’ll talk about what kind of tools I mean, where to look for them in Windows 8 and what they do. If the first thing you do after reinstalling Windows is to download and install the necessary small system programs, information that many of the functions implemented with their help are already present in the operating system may be useful.
Windows 8 has the Windows Defender antivirus program, so when you install a new operating system, all users automatically receive a free antivirus on their computer, and the Windows Support Center does not bother with messages that the computer is at risk.
Windows Defender in Windows 8 is the same antivirus that was previously known as Microsoft Security Essentials. And, if you use Windows 8, while being a fairly accurate user, you do not need to install third-party antivirus programs.
If for some reason you are still using a third-party firewall (firewall), then starting with Windows 7 there is no need for this (during normal household use of a computer). The firewall built into Windows 8 and Windows 7 successfully blocks all extraneous traffic by default, as well as access to various network services, such as sharing files and folders on public Wi-Fi networks.
Users who need to fine-tune the access to the network of individual programs, services, and services may prefer a third-party firewall, but the vast majority of users do not need this.
In addition to antivirus and firewall, kits to protect your computer from Internet threats include utilities to prevent phishing attacks, clean up temporary Internet files, and others. Windows 8 has all of these features by default. In browsers - both in standard Internet Explorer and in the most commonly used Google Chrome there is phishing protection, and SmartScreen in Windows 8 will warn you if you download and try to run a non-trusted file from the Internet.
Program for managing hard disk partitions
See How to split a hard drive in Windows 8 without using additional programs.
In order to partition a disk, resize partitions and perform other basic operations in Windows 8 (as well as Windows 7), you do not need to use any third-party program. Just use the disk management utility present in Windows - with this tool you can enlarge or reduce existing partitions, create new ones, and also format them. This program includes more than enough features for basic work with hard disk partitions. Moreover, with the help of storage management in Windows 8, you can use partitions of several hard drives, combining them into one large logical partition.
Mount ISO and IMG disc images
If, after installing Windows 8, you are out of habit looking for where to download Daemon Tools in order to open ISO files, mounting them in virtual drives, then there is no such need. Windows 8 Explorer provides the ability to mount an ISO or IMG disk image in the system and use it calmly - all images are mounted by default when they are opened, you can also right-click on the image file and select the "Connect" item in the context menu.
Burning to disc
Windows 8 and the previous version of the operating system have built-in support for writing files to CDs and DVDs, erasing rewritable discs, and writing ISO images to disc. If you need to burn an Audio CD (does anyone use them?), Then this can be done from the built-in Windows Media Player.
In Windows 8, there is a new program manager in startup, which is part of the task manager. With it, you can view and disable (enable) programs that start automatically when the computer boots. Previously, in order to do this, the user had to use MSConfig, a registry editor or third-party tools such as CCleaner.
Utilities for working with two or more monitors
If you have ever worked with two monitors on a computer running Windows 7, or if you are working with one now, then in order for the taskbar to appear on both screens, you had to use third-party utilities such as UltraMon or use it only on one screen. Now you can expand the taskbar on all monitors by simply putting an appropriate mark in the settings.
For Windows 7, there are several widely used utilities for expanding file copying capabilities, for example, TeraCopy. These programs allow you to pause copying; an error in the middle of copying does not cause a complete cessation of the process, etc.
In Windows 8, you may notice that all these functions are built into the system, which allows you to copy files in a more convenient way.
Advanced task manager
A number of users are accustomed to using programs such as Process Explorer to track and control processes on the computer. The new task manager in Windows 8 eliminates the need for such software - in it you can view all the processes of each application in a tree structure, get all the necessary information about the processes, and if necessary, complete the process. For more complete information about what is happening in the system, you can use the resource monitor and the performance monitor, which can be found in the Administration section of the control panel.
Windows has many tools for getting a variety of information about the system. The System Information tool displays all the information about the equipment available on the computer, and in the “Resource Monitor” you can see which applications use the computer’s resources, which addresses the programs associate with on the network, and which of them most often write and read from hard drive.
How to open PDF - a question that Windows 8 users do not ask
Windows 8 has a built-in program for reading PDF files , allowing you to open files in this format without installing additional software such as Adobe Reader. The only drawback of this viewer is poor integration with the Windows desktop, since the application is designed to work in the modern Windows 8 interface.
In 64-bit versions of Windows 8 Pro and Windows 8 Enterprise, Hyper-V is present - a powerful tool for creating and managing virtual machines, which eliminates the need to install systems such as VMware or VirtualBox. By default, this component is disabled in Windows and you need to enable it in the "Programs and Features" section of the control panel, as I wrote in more detail earlier: Virtual machine in Windows 8 .
Creating computer images, backup
Regardless of whether you often use backup tools, Windows 8 has several such utilities at once, starting with File History and ending with creating a machine image from which you can later restore your computer to a previously saved state. I wrote more about these features in two articles:
Despite the fact that most of these utilities are not the most powerful and convenient, however, many users are likely to find them suitable for their purposes. And it’s very nice that many essential things are gradually becoming an integral part of the operating system.